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Nat Commun. 2019 Apr 23;10(1):1891. doi: 10.1038/s41467-019-09572-5.

Genome-wide association study of medication-use and associated disease in the UK Biobank.

Author information

1
Institute for Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, 4072, Australia.
2
Institute for Advanced Research, Wenzhou Medical University, 325027, Wenzhou, Zhejiang, China.
3
Department of Renal Medicine, Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, Herston, QLD, 4029, Australia.
4
Queensland Brain Institute, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, 4072, Australia.
5
Institute for Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, 4072, Australia. peter.visscher@uq.edu.au.
6
Queensland Brain Institute, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, 4072, Australia. peter.visscher@uq.edu.au.
7
Institute for Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, 4072, Australia. naomi.wray@uq.edu.au.
8
Queensland Brain Institute, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, 4072, Australia. naomi.wray@uq.edu.au.

Abstract

Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) of medication use may contribute to understanding of disease etiology, could generate new leads relevant for drug discovery and can be used to quantify future risk of medication taking. Here, we conduct GWASs of self-reported medication use from 23 medication categories in approximately 320,000 individuals from the UK Biobank. A total of 505 independent genetic loci that meet stringent criteria (P < 10-8/23) for statistical significance are identified. We investigate the implications of these GWAS findings in relation to biological mechanism, potential drug target identification and genetic risk stratification of disease. Amongst the medication-associated genes are 16 known therapeutic-effect target genes for medications from 9 categories. Two of the medication classes studied are for disorders that have not previously been subject to large GWAS (hypothyroidism and gastro-oesophageal reflux disease).

PMID:
31015401
PMCID:
PMC6478889
DOI:
10.1038/s41467-019-09572-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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