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Rev Alerg Mex. 2019 Jan-Mar;66(1):38-43. doi: 10.29262/ram.v66i1.533.

[Sensitivity and specificity of the modified epicutaneous patch test in the diagnosis of respiratory allergy to Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus].

[Article in Spanish; Abstract available in Spanish from the publisher]

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Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, Hospital Universitario de Puebla, Servicio de Alergia e Inmunología Clínica, Puebla, Puebla, México.


in English, Spanish


The skin prick test is recognized as the gold standard for the specific diagnosis of allergy.


To determine the sensitivity and specificity of the epicutaneous patch test that has been modified for the diagnosis of respiratory allergy to Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus.


An observational, interpretative, prolective, and transversal study. The included patients were between 6 and 49 years old, with symptoms of a respiratory allergy, and a skin test was performed on them by using the European standardized prick test and a modified epicutaneous patch test with the variable of the scarification that occurred before the antigen was applied, and its homogenization with a wooden applicator, which occurred after the antigen was applied. The levels of sensitivity, specificity, and prevalence influence and positive and negative predictive values were calculated.


104 patients were included, of which 72 (69.2%) were women. The age category of the patients was 24 ± 11.3 years of age. 78.9% of the patients were diagnosed with allergic rhinitis, 1.9% were diagnosed with asthma, and 19.2% were diagnosed with both rhinitis and asthma. The prevalence of the respiratory allergy to Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus was of 62.5%; 94.23% with a correct diagnosis. The sensitivity and specificity of the test was of 93.85% and 94.87%; the positive and negative predictive values were of 96.83% and 90.24%, and the positive and negative likelihood ratios were of 18.30 and 0.06.


The modified epicutaneous patch test was highly sensitive and specific; it decreased the risk of allergen carryover and it lowered the cost of the material that was used.


Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus; Respiratory allergy diagnosis; Skin prick test


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