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J Biomed Res. 2019 Apr 22;33(2):122-130. doi: 10.7555/JBR.32.20170123.

Effects of lysophosphatidic acid on human periodontal ligament stem cells from teeth extracted from dental patients.

Kim BC1,2, Song JI1,2, So KH1,2, Hyun SH1,2.

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Laboratory of Veterinary Embryology and Biotechnology, Veterinary Medical Center and College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungbuk National University, Seowon-gu, Cheongju 28644, Republic of Korea.
Institute of Stem Cell & Regenerative Medicine, Chungbuk National University, Seowon-gu, Cheongju 28644, Republic of Korea.


Despite their potential applications in future regenerative medicine, periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) are difficult to obtain in large amounts from patients. Therefore, maintaining stemness while expanding the cell numbers for medical use is the key to transitioning PDLSCs from the bench to the clinic. Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), which is present in the human body and saliva, is a signaling molecule derived from phospholipids. In this study, we examined the effects of LPA on stemness maintenance in human PDLSCs. Several spindle-shaped and fibroblast-like periodontal ligament stem-like cell lines were established from PDLSC isolation. Among these cell lines, the most morphologically appropriate cell line was characterized. The expression levels of OCT4, NANOG (a stem cell marker), and CD90 (a mesenchymal stem cell marker) were high. However, CD73 (a negative marker of mesenchymal stem cells) expression was not observed. Notably, immunofluorescence analysis identified the expression of STRO-1, CD146 (a mesenchymal stem cell marker), and sex determining region Y-box 2 at the protein level. In addition, lipid droplets were stained by Oil red O after the induction of adipogenesis for 21 days, and mineralized nodules were stained by Alizarin Red S after the induction of osteogenesis for 14 days. Alkaline phosphate staining also demonstrated the occurrence of osteogenesis. In summary, we established a human PDLSC line, which could be applied as a cell source for tissue regeneration in dental patients. However, further studies are needed to determine the detailed effects of LPA on PDLSCs.

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