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Cold Spring Harb Mol Case Stud. 2019 Jun 3;5(3). pii: a004101. doi: 10.1101/mcs.a004101. Print 2019 Jun.

Homozygous noncanonical splice variant in LSM1 in two siblings with multiple congenital anomalies and global developmental delay.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA.
2
Department of Pediatrics, Naomi Berrie Diabetes Center, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA.
3
Center for Mendelian Genomics at the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA.
4
Department of Medicine, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA.

Abstract

Two siblings, one male and one female, ages 6 and 13 yr old, have similar clinical features of global developmental delay, multiple congenital anomalies affecting the cardiac, genitourinary, and skeletal systems, and abnormal eye movements. Whole-genome sequencing revealed a homozygous splice variant (NM_014462.3:c.231+4A>C) in LSM1 that segregated with the phenotype in the family. LSM1 has a role in pre-mRNA splicing and degradation. Expression studies revealed absence of expression of the canonical isoform in the affected individuals. The Lsm1 knockout mice have a partially overlapping phenotype that affects the brain, heart, and eye. To our knowledge, LSM1 has not been associated with any human disorder; however, the tissue expression pattern, gene constraint, and the similarity of the phenotype in our patients and the knockout mice models suggest it has a role in the development of multiple organ systems in humans.

KEYWORDS:

bicuspid aortic valve; bilateral cryptorchidism; congenital mitral stenosis; congenital strabismus; craniofacial asymmetry; cupped ear; hydronephrosis; hydroureter; inguinal hernia; intellectual disability, moderate; intermittent microsaccadic pursuits; lumbar hemivertebrae; moderate global developmental delay; penile hypospadias; perimembranous ventricular septal defect; primum atrial septal defect; triphalangeal thumb

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