Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Phytomedicine. 2019 Jun;59:152785. doi: 10.1016/j.phymed.2018.12.008. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

Bavachin attenuates LPS-induced inflammatory response and inhibits the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome in macrophages.

Author information

1
Graduate School of Sport Sciences, Waseda University, Tokorozawa 359-1192, Japan.
2
Department of Medical Laboratory Science and Biotechnology, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung 80708, Taiwan.
3
Faculty of Sport Sciences, Waseda University, Tokorozawa 359-1192, Japan.
4
Institute of Athletics, National Taiwan University of Sport, Taichung 40404, Taiwan.
5
Department of Biomedical Engineering and Environmental Sciences, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan.
6
Graduate Institute of Biomedical Sciences, China Medical University, Taichung 40402, Taiwan.
7
Graduate Institute of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung 80708, Taiwan; Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Chi-Mei Medical Center, Tainan 71004, Taiwan; Department of Senior Citizen Service Management, Chia Nan University of Pharmacy and Science, Tainan 71710, Taiwan.
8
Department of Urology, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital and Department of Urology, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung 80708, Taiwan; Department of Urology, Kaohsiung Municipal Ta-Tung Hospital, Kaohsiung 80145, Taiwan.
9
Department of Public Health and Environmental Medicine, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung 80708, Taiwan.
10
Department of Respiratory Therapy, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung 80708, Taiwan.
11
Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Center, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung 80708, Taiwan.
12
Graduate Institute of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung 80708, Taiwan; Department of Medical Research, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung 80756, Taiwan; Center for Infectious Disease and Cancer Research, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung 80708, Taiwan. Electronic address: chiayangli@kmu.edu.tw.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Bavachin is a natural product isolated from Psoralea corylifolia L. that has been applied as a traditional medicine in Asian countries. However, the anti-inflammatory effects of bavachin on LPS-induced inflammation and NLRP3 inflammasome activation by macrophages remain unclear.

PURPOSE:

We investigated the anti-inflammatory effects of bavachin on LPS-activated murine macrophage cell line J774A.1 cells and murine peritoneal macrophages.

METHODS:

J774A.1 cells and murine peritoneal macrophages were pre-treated with bavachin following LPS treatment. The concentrations of NO, PGE2, IL-6 and IL-12p40 in cell culture supernatant were analyzed. The expressions of iNOS, COX-2, mPGES-1 and MAPKs were analyzed using Western blotting, while NF-κB activity was detected using promoter reporter assay. To examine the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome, J774A.1 cells were incubated with LPS, and then treated with bavachin following treatment with ATP. The concentration of IL-1β in the cell culture supernatant was measured. The expressions of NLRP3, ASC, caspase-1 and IL-1β were analyzed using Western blotting. The formation of inflammasome complex was observed by immunofluorescence microscopy.

RESULTS:

Bavachin suppressed LPS-induced NO and PGE2 production, and decreased iNOS and mPGES-1 expression. Bavachin also reduced LPS-induced IL-6 and IL-12p40 production and decreased the activation of MAPKs and NF-κB. Additionally, bavachin suppressed NLRP3 inflammasome-derived IL-1β secretion, decreased caspase-1 activation, repressed mature IL-1β expression, and inhibited inflammasome complex formation. Furthermore, bavachin also suppressed the production of NO, IL-6 and IL-12p40 by LPS-stimulated murine peritoneal macrophages.

CONCLUSION:

Our experimental results indicated anti-inflammatory effects of bavachin exhibit attenuation of LPS-induced inflammation and inhibit activation of NLRP3 inflammasome in macrophages. These results suggest that bavachin might have potential in treating inflammatory and autoimmune diseases.

KEYWORDS:

Bavachin; Inflammation; Macrophage; NLRP3 inflammasome; mPGES-1

PMID:
31009850
DOI:
10.1016/j.phymed.2018.12.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center