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Perspect Clin Res. 2019 Apr-Jun;10(2):84-90. doi: 10.4103/picr.PICR_93_18.

Current status of standardized, quality and ethical oversight of clinical research in the country: An audit of the Central Drugs Standard Control Organization (registration of ethics committees) and national accreditation board for hospital and healthcare providers (accreditation) databases.

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1
Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Seth G S Medical College and KEM Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Abstract

Purpose:

The Prof. Ranjit Roy Chaudhury committee report recommended the accreditation of Institutional Ethics Committees (IECs). Rule 122DD of the Drugs and Cosmetics Act (and Rules) mandates that only registered ECs can accord approval for regulatory studies. We evaluated the current status of registered, reregistered, and accredited ECs in the country to assess the impact of both the recommendation and rule.

Materials and Methods:

Websites of stakeholders-the Central Drugs Standard Control Organization (CDSCO), National Accreditation Board for Hospitals and Healthcare Providers (NABH) were assessed. Information on registration status was then compared with regulatory clinical trials in the Clinical Trials Registry of India, population demographics of all states, and the Medical Council of India recognized postgraduate medical colleges in the various states.

Results:

A total of 1268 ECs were registered with CDSCO. Of these, 1008 (79.5%) were institutional and 256 (20.18%) independent ECs. A total of 499/1268 (39.4%) ECs were reregistered. Of which 449/499 (90%) were institutional and 50/499 (10%) were independent. Institutional ECs were five times more likely to be reregistered with CDSCO relative to independent ECs (cOR 4.52 [3.12, 6.54], P < 0.0001). A total of 15/233 (7%) applications to NABH had received accreditation. A wide skew was seen in the distribution of ECs across various states as also their oversight of regulatory clinical trials.

Conclusions:

Registration and reregistration of ECs along with accreditation is not commensurate with the needs of the country at this time and must be vigorously promoted.

KEYWORDS:

Ethics committee accreditation; ethics committee registration; independent ethics committee; institutional ethics committee

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