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J Res Med Sci. 2019 Mar 25;24:25. doi: 10.4103/jrms.JRMS_645_18. eCollection 2019.

The analysis of the trend of educational system in orthotics and prosthetics in Iran and the world: A step toward the foresight.

Author information

1
Department of Orthotics and Prosthetics, School of Rehabilitation, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
2
Department of Medical Education, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
3
Department of Information and Communication Technology, Health Management Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

Background:

Along with the growth of science and technology, the orthotics and prosthetics (O and P) have been changing since the past as a dynamic profession and the role of a specialist in O and P has also undergone a change due to needs of society and the growth of technologies. To illustrate the future direction of an educational system, it is necessary to have a trend analysis of what weaknesses and strengths have existed in the past and the present.

Materials and Methods:

In this analysis, two methods of scoping review and interview were conducted. For the purpose of scoping review, database searches of PubMed, ERIC, SID, and Web of Science in combination with a search on websites of key organizations, including universities, World Health Organization, and International Society of O and P were conducted.

Results:

Various trends have been formed from different aspects in the health education system due to multifaceted nature of the O and P. The areas include health and education services, technology, curriculum, educational programs, and accreditation.

Conclusion:

The debate on monitoring and evaluation of O and P educational systems has been also developed along with the progress made in the training of O and P. The training of individuals by setting minimum standards leads to a professional competency in line and is considered as other issues arisen in the field of education; however, in recent years, improvements in this field have not been significant.

KEYWORDS:

Education; foresight; orthotics and prosthetics; trend

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