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Niger J Surg. 2019 Jan-Jun;25(1):1-8. doi: 10.4103/njs.NJS_7_18.

The Duration of Intra-abdominal Hypertension and Increased Serum Lactate Level are Important Prognostic Markers in Critically Ill Surgical Patient's Outcome: A Prospective, Observational Study.

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1
Department of General Surgery, J.L.N Medical College, Ajmer, Rajasthan, India.

Abstract

Aim:

The present study analyzed the clinical significance of duration of intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) associated with increased serum lactate in critically ill patients with severe sepsis.

Materials and Methods:

Our study was an observational, prospective study carried out in the Surgical Intensive Care Unit (ICU) at J.L.N Medical College, Ajmer, Rajasthan, India. In our study, we included a total of 100 patients and intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) was measured through intravesical route at the time of admission and after 6, 12, 24, 48, and 72 h via a urinary catheter filled with 25 ml of saline. Duration of ICU and hospital stay, need for ventilator support, initiation of enteral feeding, serum lactate level at time of admission and after 48 h, and 30-day mortality were noted as outcomes.

Results:

In our study, an overall incidence of IAH was 60%. Patients with cardiovascular surgery and renal and pulmonary dysfunction were 93.3%, 55%, and 60%, respectively, at the time of admission and 65%, 10%, and 10%, respectively, after 72 h of admission in the surgical ICU. Nonsurvivors had statistically significant higher IAP and serum lactate levels than survivors. Patients with longer duration of IAH had longer ICU and hospital stay, longer duration of vasopressors and ventilator support, and delayed enteral feeding.

Conclusion:

There is a strong relationship "risk accumulation" between duration of IAH associated with increased serum lactate and organ dysfunction. The duration of IAH was an independent predictor of 30-day mortality. Early recognition and prompt intervention for IAH and severe sepsis are essential to improve the patient outcomes.

KEYWORDS:

Abdominal compartment syndrome; intra-abdominal hypertension; serum lactate level; severe sepsis

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