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Ann Indian Acad Neurol. 2019 Apr-Jun;22(2):203-209. doi: 10.4103/aian.AIAN_420_17.

Fractional Amplitude of Low-Frequency Fluctuations and Functional Connectivity in Comatose Patients Subjected to Resting-State Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging.

Author information

1
Department of Magnatic Resonance Imaging, The First People's Hospital of Nanning, Nanning, China.
2
Department of Magnatic Resonance Imaging, The First Affiliated Hospital of Henan University of TCM, Zhengzhou, China.
3
Department of Radiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, China.
4
Guangxi Collaborative Innovation Center for Biomedicine, Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, China.
5
Life Science Institute, Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, China.
6
Department of Radiology, Changsha Central Hospital, Changsha, China.

Abstract

Objective:

The objective of the study is to investigate the changes of fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuations (fALFFs) and functional connectivity (FC) in the brain function of comatose patients with resting-state blood-oxygenation-level-dependent functional magnetic resonance imaging (BOLD-fMRI) and to discuss the underlying neurophysiological mechanism of disease.

Materials and Methods:

Resting-state BOLD-fMRI scans were conducted on 20 comatose patients and 20 age-matched and gender-matched controls. The differences of fALFF between two groups were analyzed with two-sample t-test; significant differences of connectivity between groups were acquired to calculate the FC of the precuneus with other brain regions.

Results:

Compared to the control group, the comatose patients exhibited a significant reduction in fALFF in various areas, including the right cingulate gyrus, left precuneus, right inferior parietal lobule, right superior parietal lobule, bilateral anterior/posterior central gyrus, middle frontal gyrus, right superior frontal gyrus, right superior temporal gyrus, and the bilateral cerebellar hemispheres (P < 0.05, Alphasim correction). Compared with controls, the brain region FC correlated with the precuneus reduced mainly located in the bilateral inferior parietal lobule, posterior central gyrus, lenticular nucleus, left anterior central gyrus, left medial frontal gyrus, left anterior lobe of the cerebellum, right insula, right transverse temporal gyri, and right thalamus. Regions whose FC increased include the left superior frontal gyrus, left side of the callosum, left superior parietal lobule, and both sides of the cingulate (P < 0.05, Alphasim correction).

Conclusion:

Measurements of fALFF and FC obtained by resting-state BOLD-fMRI could provide considerable information for the analysis and evaluation of the brain function of comatose patients from the perspective of local function and global functional network and provide the theoretical basis for the study of coma nerve physiological mechanism.

KEYWORDS:

Coma; fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuations; functional connectivity; resting-state blood-oxygenation-level-dependent functional magnetic resonance imaging

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