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Indian J Ophthalmol. 2019 May;67(5):677-680. doi: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_1943_18.

Glue-assisted retinopexy for rhegmatogenous retinal detachments (GuARD): A novel surgical technique for closing retinal breaks.

Author information

1
Smt. Kanuri Santhamma Center for Vitreo Retina Services, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.
2
Center for Ocular Regeneration, L V Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

Abstract

Purpose:

This study describes a novel surgical technique of fibrin glue-assisted retinopexy for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (GuARD) without oil or gas tamponade after pars plana vitrectomy (PPV).

Methods:

This pilot clinical trial included five eyes of five patients with rhegmatogenous retinal detachments (RD). A complete PPV was done in all cases followed by fluid-air exchange, laser photocoagulation around the break/s, and application of 0.1-0.2 mL of fibrin glue. No air, long-acting gas or silicone oil was used subsequently. No specific postoperative positioning was prescribed. The primary outcome measure was efficacy of the procedure defined as successful anatomical retinal reattachment. Secondary outcome measures were postoperative improvement in best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and complications.

Results:

The median age of patients was 55 (range: 36-61 years) years and median duration of symptoms was 15 (range: 7-60) days. All eyes were pseudophakic, four eyes had inferior and one eye had total RD. Successful retinal reattachment was achieved in all (100%) cases and was maintained at the end of 3-8 months of follow-up. The median BCVA improved from 20/100 preoperatively to 20/80 at 1-week and 20/50 at 1-month postoperatively. None of the eyes had any postoperative complications such as elevated intraocular pressures or unexpected inflammation.

Conclusion:

The findings of this study suggest that GuARD is a promising technique for treatment of rhegmatogenous RD that may allow early visual recovery while avoiding the problems of gas or oil tamponade and obviating the need of postoperative positioning.

KEYWORDS:

Fibrin glue; retinal detachment surgery; rhegmatogenous retinal detachment

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