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Int J Androl. 1986 Jun;9(3):181-94.

The fate of acrosomal staining during the acrosome reaction of human spermatozoa as revealed by a monoclonal antibody and PNA-lectin.

Abstract

A monoclonal anti-human sperm antibody, raised against an acrosomal antigen and indicated to recognize in boar sperm the serine protease, acrosin, stained in human spermatozoa a 50 Kd antigen and several others in the region 24-34 Kd by immunoblotting. The 50 Kd band and the region of 30-34 Kd showed proteolytic activity by zymographic enzyme detection. The fate of the antigen was studied in the acrosome reaction induced by the calcium ionophore A23187. In control incubations 69.5 +/- 14.2% (mean +/- SD) of the spermatozoa had intact acrosomal staining according to indirect immunofluorescence using this antibody whereas in acrosome-reacted samples only 21.0 +/- 2.0% of the sperm were stained. Another marker for the acrosome, peanut agglutinin-lectin (PNA), was used to detect the acrosome with similar results. Acrosome reactions were verified by electron microscopy. The present results indicate that the corresponding antigen, evidently acrosin, and PNA-positive material are liberated during the acrosome reaction which suggests that they are not bound to the inner acrosomal membrane but are components of the acrosomal matrix.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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