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Reprod Domest Anim. 2019 Jun;54(6):924-927. doi: 10.1111/rda.13442. Epub 2019 May 3.

Intrafollicular paraoxonase 1 activity and the steroidogenic potential of the first post-partum dominant follicle in dairy cows.

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Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil.
The Colombian Corporation for Agricultural Research (AGROSAVIA), Bogota, Colombia.
Facultad Ciencias Agropecuarias, Universidad de La Salle, Bogota, Colombia.


Cows experiencing high levels of inflammation and specific metabolic conditions tend to have slower follicular growth and lower serum and follicular concentrations of oestradiol (E2). Paraoxonase1 (PON1) activity decreases during inflammatory processes. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the association between serum and intrafollicular (FF) PON1 activity and the serum and intrafollicular levels of E2 and progesterone (P4), as well as the mRNA expression of genes related to steroidogenesis, metabolism and inflammation in the first post-partum dominant follicle of Holstein cows. No correlation was found between PON1 activity, the expression of the analysed genes and levels of follicular E2 and P4, except for a negative correlation between serum E2 and follicular PO1 activity. Also, no correlation was found between serum and follicular PON1 during the first post-partum follicular wave.


inflammation; negative energy balance; peripartum; steroidogenesis


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