Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Clin Transl Sci. 2019 Sep;12(5):440-444. doi: 10.1111/cts.12639. Epub 2019 May 6.

Influence of Rifampin-Mediated Organic Anion-Transporting Polypeptide 1B1/1B3 Inhibition on the Pharmacokinetics of Clazosentan.

Author information

1
Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Idorsia Pharmaceuticals Ltd, Allschwil, Switzerland.
2
QPS Netherlands B.V., Groningen, The Netherlands.

Abstract

Clazosentan is a selective endothelin A receptor antagonist in development for the prevention and treatment of vasospasm postsubarachnoid hemorrhage. It is a substrate of organic anion-transporting polypeptide 1B1/1B3 based on preclinical data. This randomized, double-blind, two-period, cross-over study investigated the pharmacokinetics, safety, and tolerability of an intravenous infusion of clazosentan (15 mg/hour for 3 hours) after the intravenous administration of placebo or rifampin (600 mg/100 mL in 30 minutes). A total of 14 healthy male participants were enrolled resulting in 13 completers. Clazosentan exposure was three to four times higher after organic anion-transporting polypeptide 1B1/1B3 inhibition, as reflected by the geometric mean ratio (90% confidence interval) of area under the plasma concentration-time curve from zero to infinity: 3.88 (3.24-4.65). Clearance and volume of distribution decreased to a similar extent. Elimination half-life was not affected. A similar pattern but a higher incidence and frequency of adverse events were observed when clazosentan was given with rifampin than with placebo.

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center