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J Clin Densitom. 2019 Mar 21. pii: S1094-6950(19)30038-1. doi: 10.1016/j.jocd.2019.03.006. [Epub ahead of print]

Factors Associated With Bone Density Monitoring While on Antiosteoporosis Treatment in Routine Clinical Practice: A Registry-Based Cohort Study.

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Department of Medicine, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. Electronic address:
McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
Department of Medicine, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada; Harvard University, Boston, MA, USA.
Department of Medicine, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.


The role for bone mineral density (BMD) monitoring while on antiosteoporosis therapy remains controversial. The current study used population-based registries to identify factors associated with BMD monitoring in women within 5 yr of receiving antiosteoporosis treatment vs treatment without monitoring in routine clinical practice. The analytical dataset consisted of women age 40 yr and older at baseline receiving antiosteoporosis therapy: 6877 with BMD monitoring (mean interval 3.2 yr) and 6747 without BMD monitoring. There was a significant negative secular trend in BMD monitoring during the study period (p < 0.001). Multivariable logistic regression demonstrated that parental hip fracture, glucocorticoid and aromatase inhibitor use, and lower baseline BMD were independently and positively associated with BMD monitoring. Individuals with increasing age, greater body mass index, smoking, rheumatoid arthritis, later calendar year, diabetes, rural residency, lower income, and greater comorbidity score were less likely to undergo monitoring. A shorter monitoring interval (<23 mo) was strongly associated with glucocorticoid and aromatase inhibitor use. In conclusion, our study identifies factors associated with BMD monitoring over 5 yr in patients receiving antiosteoporosis therapy.


Osteoporosis; bone mineral density; dual energy X-ray absorptiometry; monitoring


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