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J Cancer Educ. 2019 Apr 17. doi: 10.1007/s13187-019-01522-5. [Epub ahead of print]

The Health Promoting Mindfulness or Qigong Educational Programs for Beneficial Lifestyle Changes of Cancer Survivors.

Author information

1
Department of Urology, Chi Mei Medical Center, Liouying, 201, Taikang, Taikang Vil., Liouying Dist., Tainan City, 73657, Taiwan.
2
Department of Administration, National Health Research Institutes, 35 Keyan Road, Zhunan, Miaoli County, 35053, Taiwan.
3
PhD Program in Management, Da-Yeh University, 168 University Road, Dacun, Changhua, 51591, Taiwan.
4
College of Educational Sciences, Yulin Normal University, 1303 Educational E. Road, Yulin City, Guangxi, 537000, China.
5
Division of Hematology-Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, Chi Mei Medical Center, Liouying, 201, Taikang, Taikang Vil., Liouying Dist., Tainan City, 73657, Taiwan.
6
Nursing Department, Fooyin University, 151 Jinxue Rd., Daliao Dist., Kaohsiung City, 83102, Taiwan. fyucyp@gmail.com.

Abstract

This study used heart rate variability (HRV) to monitor levels of cancer-related fatigue (CRF) and quality of life (QOL) of cancer survivors subjected to program measures at different psychosomatic or functional levels. A longitudinal study was conducted at a cancer center in Taiwan. Fifty-two cancer survivals were randomly assigned to either the mindfulness group (n = 25) or the Qigong group (n = 27). Both groups received a 12-week mindfulness and Qigong programs, respectively. Improvements in CRF, QOL, and HRV after a 12-week program and at the 3-month follow-up point. For the long-term effects in both mindfulness and Qigong groups, CRF showed a significant downward trend (p < 0.05), but a significant upward trend was observed in HRV (p < 0.001). Mindfulness and Qigong exhibited different effectiveness in individuals, indicating that the mental and physical aspects of health are equally essential and should be addressed in a complementary combination. These findings are worthy of being shared with cancer survivors to benefit their physical and mental well-being. We suggest that healthcare professionals incorporate mindfulness and Qigong in cancer survivors' daily life as means to encourage lifestyle changes for improving their health.

KEYWORDS:

Cancer survivors; Cancer-related fatigue; Heart rate variability; Mindfulness; Qigong

PMID:
31001740
DOI:
10.1007/s13187-019-01522-5

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