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J Orthod Sci. 2019 Feb 20;8:1. doi: 10.4103/jos.JOS_87_18. eCollection 2019.

Agreement and association between normative and subjective orthodontic treatment need using the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need.

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1
Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Abstract

AIMS:

To determine the association and level of agreement between young adults' perception of orthodontic treatment need (subjective need) and the orthodontists' assessment of treatment need (normative objective need).

METHODOLOGY:

For this study, 670 students [280 males and 390 females; mean age (standard deviation) of 15.32 (1.81) years] were selected from public and private schools from different demographic areas of Jeddah city, Saudi Arabia, and divided into two age groups (12-15 years) and (16-19 years). All the participants were examined, and the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN) components [dental health component (DHC) and aesthetic component (AC)] were recorded.

RESULTS:

Kappa statistics showed a statistically significant but fair agreement between clinician AC (CAC) and student AC (SAC) assessments in both age groups (k = 0.343 and 0.334, respectively; P < 0.001), whereas Spearman's correlation coefficient showed a statistically significant but moderate association (r = 0.487 and 0.517, respectively; P < 0.001). The degrees of agreement were 76.4% and 76.7% at the no-need and mild-need levels of treatment, respectively. There was a statistically significant but weak association between the subjective and normative needs (SAC and IOTN-DHC) in both age groups (r = 0.336 and 0.360, respectively; P < 0.001). However, the degrees of agreement were 58.9% and 61.5% at the no-need and mild-need levels of treatment, respectively.

CONCLUSION:

Significant but weak positive association was found between the normative and subjective orthodontic treatment needs, indicating a lack of understanding of the nature of malocclusion and its consequences. Thus, promoting further knowledge and awareness of malocclusion are indicated.

KEYWORDS:

Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need; normative need; patient education; subjective orthodontic need

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