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Ayu. 2018 Jul-Sep;39(3):146-150. doi: 10.4103/ayu.AYU_230_18.

Association of Kaphaja and Kapha-Pittaja Prakriti and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase C677T allele with type 2 diabetes.

Author information

Department of Vikriti Vigyan, Faculty of Ayurveda, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Center for Genetic Disorders, Faculty of Science, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India.


Background and Objectives:

Type 2 diabetes is a multifactorial disorder that results from the interaction between genetic predisposition and environmental factors. Different Prakriti (body constitution) individuals have different susceptibility for the diseases, and this Prakriti is determined by both genetic and environmental factor. This study was undertaken to determine the association status of Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T and A1298C with type 2 diabetes and Prakriti.

Materials and Methods:

After informed consent, 54 patients with type 2 diabetes and 56 individuals as normal controls were analyzed. Their constitution and pathological data were collected and MTHFR C677T and A1298C genotypes were determined.


Kapha/Kapha-Pittaja Prakriti were associated and found to be strong risk factors (Chi-square test = 39.67, P < 0.00001, odds ratio [OR] = 16.133, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 6.32-41.20) for type 2 diabetes. MTHFR C677T was associated (Chi-square test = 7.743, P = 0.02) with type 2 diabetes where the major CC genotype was found to be a risk for type 2 diabetes (OR = 3.78, 95% CI = 1.14-12.45). A1298C was not associated with type 2 diabetes (Chi-square test = 2.264, P = 0.322). None of the Prakriti was associated with C677T and A1298C variants.

Interpretation and Conclusion:

In the present study, an extremely strong association between Prakriti (Kaphaja/Kapha-Pittaja) and type 2 diabetes (P < 0.00001) was detected. The present study gives a strong clue for the association of Prakriti (body constitutional) and clinical phenotype.


Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase; Prakriti; type 2 diabetes

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