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Ayu. 2018 Jul-Sep;39(3):127-131. doi: 10.4103/ayu.AYU_171_16.

Variation in skin hydration on the basis of Deha Prakriti (body constitution): A cross-sectional observational study.

Author information

Department of Kriya Sharir, Government Ayurved College, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India.
Department of Kriya Sharir, Jupiter Ayurved Medical College, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India.
Department of Cosmetic Technology, LAD and Smt. R.P. College, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India.
Department of Kriya Sharir, MAM's Sumatibhai Shah Ayurved College, Pune, Maharashtra, India.



Prakriti (body constitution) is an important concept of Ayurveda which is decided at the time of birth. It shows differences in physical, physiological and psychological characteristics of an individual. Variation in skin characteristics is found as per Prakriti.


The aim of the present work was to study hydration of skin over volar forearm in people with different Prakriti with the help of skin diagnostic SD 27 instrument.

Subjects and Methods:

This was a cross-sectional study conducted at Cosmetic Technology Department in unmarried healthy female students of (18-30 years). A total of 904 volunteers were screened, of which 621 volunteers were further examined for Deha Prakriti for screening of single Dosha dominant Prakriti. 58 Vata, 70 Pitta and 61 Kapha dominant Prakriti were eligible for further study, but on actual day of skin examination, 50 volunteers in each group completed the study. Skin hydration was measured by skin diagnostic SD 27 instrument.


It was found that maximum people with Vata (92%) and Pitta dominant Prakriti (70%) had less hydration while (48%) Kapha dominant Prakriti volunteers had normal to dehydrated skin. Chi-square test was used for analysis. The Chi-square value is 45.9 and P = 0.0001, which is highly significant.


The skin of Vata and Pitta dominant Prakriti had less hydration while hydration was well maintained in Kapha dominant Prakriti than that of Vata and Pitta Prakriti people.


Kapha; Pitta; Prakriti; Vata; skin diagnostic 27; skin hydration

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