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Indian J Urol. 2019 Apr-Jun;35(2):168-169. doi: 10.4103/iju.IJU_284_18.

Unusual lymphocele following radical cystectomy with orthotopic neobladder.

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Department of Urology, Urology Clinic, Gowtham Annexe, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.


A 65-year-old male patient, a known case of carcinoma bladder, underwent radical cystectomy with ileal neobladder in 2016. Eleven lymph nodes were identified in the specimen. Histopathology revealed reactive lymphadenitis with sinus histiocytosis. The patient presented with a swelling in the right thigh, associated with dull pain, about 6 months after the procedure. Ultrasound of the right thigh and computed tomography of the region showed an isolated, large, loculated, cystic collection measuring 15 cm × 6 cm with internal septation in the pectineus and adductor longus muscles. Complete aspiration of fluid from the right thigh was done with ultrasound guidance and sent for analysis. The fluid appeared to be lymph, and the lesion turned out to be a lymphocele. There was no recurrence or infection following the aspiration till last follow-up visit. We report this rare lymphocele presentation (in the thigh without any extension from pelvis or groin) after 6 months, following radical cystectomy with neobladder, which was treated by one-time aspiration.

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