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Science. 2019 May 3;364(6439):475-479. doi: 10.1126/science.aav7911. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Carrier lifetimes of >1 μs in Sn-Pb perovskites enable efficient all-perovskite tandem solar cells.

Author information

1
National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO 80401, USA.
2
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Institute, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA.
3
Department of Physics and Astronomy and Wright Center for Photovoltaics Innovation and Commercialization, University of Toledo, Toledo, OH 43606, USA.
4
Materials Science and Engineering Program, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA.
5
Department of Electrical, Computer and Energy Engineering, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA.
6
National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO 80401, USA. kai.zhu@nrel.gov joe.berry@nrel.gov yanfa.yan@utoledo.edu.
7
Department of Physics and Astronomy and Wright Center for Photovoltaics Innovation and Commercialization, University of Toledo, Toledo, OH 43606, USA. kai.zhu@nrel.gov joe.berry@nrel.gov yanfa.yan@utoledo.edu.

Abstract

All-perovskite-based polycrystalline thin-film tandem solar cells have the potential to deliver efficiencies of >30%. However, the performance of all-perovskite-based tandem devices has been limited by the lack of high-efficiency, low-band gap tin-lead (Sn-Pb) mixed-perovskite solar cells (PSCs). We found that the addition of guanidinium thiocyanate (GuaSCN) resulted in marked improvements in the structural and optoelectronic properties of Sn-Pb mixed, low-band gap (~1.25 electron volt) perovskite films. The films have defect densities that are lower by a factor of 10, leading to carrier lifetimes of greater than 1 microsecond and diffusion lengths of 2.5 micrometers. These improved properties enable our demonstration of >20% efficient low-band gap PSCs. When combined with wider-band gap PSCs, we achieve 25% efficient four-terminal and 23.1% efficient two-terminal all-perovskite-based polycrystalline thin-film tandem solar cells.

PMID:
31000592
DOI:
10.1126/science.aav7911

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