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J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2019 Apr 15. doi: 10.1097/MPH.0000000000001460. [Epub ahead of print]

Presacral Medulloepithelioma: Case Report and Literature Review.

Author information

1
Division of Haematology/Oncology.
2
Departments of Laboratory Medicine.
3
Division of Haematology/Oncology, The Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario, Ottawa, ON, Canada.
4
Surgery, The Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto.

Abstract

Medulloepithelioma is a rare early childhood tumor typically presenting in the intraocular region and neuroaxis. We report a rare case of a 2-year-old girl that presented with a peripheral medulloepithelioma in the presacral region. Examination of the tumor revealed that it lacked amplification of the 19q13.42 locus yet was positive for LIN28A. The patient was treated with intensive and high-dose chemotherapy as per 99703 protocol followed by complete surgical resection of the tumor and rapamycin maintenance and remains disease-free 5 years postinitial diagnosis. Ten previous cases were reported, including 5 patients who were alive disease free at the time of the publication. Optimal management of this rare condition is still controversial, particularly with regard to the respective role of chemotherapy and radiation.

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