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Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2019 Apr 15. doi: 10.1007/s11356-019-04992-8. [Epub ahead of print]

Emission of nitrous oxide from plain multi-ditch system and its impact factors.

Author information

1
College of Resources, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu, 611130, People's Republic of China.
2
College of Environmental Science, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu, 611130, People's Republic of China.
3
College of Resources, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu, 611130, People's Republic of China. 11963@sicau.edu.cn.

Abstract

Multi-level ditch area is a major component of the hydrographic net of plain area, China. Given the high concentration of nitrogen (N) in the surface water and vigorous biogeochemical interactions, ditch is likely to be the hot spots of N2O emission. However, N2O emission flux and emission factor (EF5r) of multi-level ditches have not been determined. To address this knowledge gap, a 1-year field work in three ditches with different levels in Chengdu Plain was conducted. It is found that the annual flux of N2O emission and EF5r was higher in the lateral (0.0020 and 83.94 μg m-2 h-1) and field ditches (0.0019 and 110.75 μg m-2 h-1) than in the branch ditch (0.0016 and 46.38 μg m-2 h-1, P < 0.05). It is found that parameters of groundwater level, discharge, precipitation, and NH4+ were the primary factors, and these parameters can model the N2O flux well. Furthermore, the content of NH4+ in the surface water of ditches presented better correlation with the emission of N2O than the content of NO3-. Therefore, controlling NH4+ emission and lessening fertilizer usage in summer may be key solutions for indirect reduction of N2O in Chengdu Plain.

KEYWORDS:

Ammonium; Impact factor; Indirect N2O emission factor (EF5r); Multi-ditch system; Nitrogen oxide (N2O)

PMID:
30989602
DOI:
10.1007/s11356-019-04992-8

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