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Int J Crit Illn Inj Sci. 2019 Jan-Mar;9(1):29-35. doi: 10.4103/IJCIIS.IJCIIS_43_18.

Occupational injury trends in the Canadian workforce: An examination of the Canadian community health survey.

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School of Rural and Northern Health, Centre for Research in Occupational Safety and Health, Laurentian University, Sudbury, Canada.
Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Canada.
Faculty of Science, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada.
Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.
Special Education Department, Loretto College, Toronto, Canada.



Previous studies suggest that various factors including the type of occupation, employment status, and level of education have significant associations with the rates of occupational injuries. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of demographics, such as age and gender, and various occupational factors on the rate of occupational injuries for a 14-year period from 2001 to 2014 and to study the differences in trends over time.


The Canadian Community Health Survey data for 2001, 2003, 2005, 2007, and 2009-2014 was used to examine the impact of various occupational factors on workplace injuries in the Canadian population. Various inclusion criteria such as age, employment type, and status were applied to select the final sample. The logistic regression was performed using StataMP 11 to determine the association between the rate of occupational injuries and the factors being considered.


Rates of injuries occurring at the workplace are associated with various occupational health factors, including, the type of occupation, level of education, the number of injuries sustained, and the employment status.


The findings may be used by researchers and practitioners to address the impact of occupational injuries in the workforce, and to identify and resolve the factors that result in a high rate of workplace injuries.


Canada; Canadian community health survey; occupational injuries; workforce

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