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Biomed Res Int. 2019 Mar 11;2019:9845709. doi: 10.1155/2019/9845709. eCollection 2019.

Bone Marrow Derived Mesenchymal Stromal Cells Ameliorate Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury-Induced Acute Kidney Injury in Rats via Secreting Tumor Necrosis Factor-Inducible Gene 6 Protein.

Author information

1
Department of Nephrology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200065, China.
2
Translational Center for Stem Cell Research, Tongji Hospital, Stem Cell Research Center, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200065, China.
3
School of Life Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China.
4
Department of Hematology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200065, China.

Abstract

Aims:

To investigate whether bone marrow derived mesenchymal stromal cells (BMSC) have ameliorated ischemia/reperfusion injury-induced acute kidney injury (IRI-AKI) via tumor necrosis factor-inducible gene 6 protein (TSG-6) and how TSG-6 exerted this effect.

Methods:

We used lentiviral vectors of short hairpin RNA (shRNA) targeting TSG-6 gene to silence TSG-6 in BMSC. And TSG-6-silenced BMSC were administrated into IRI-AKI rats. Then we analyzed serum creatinine (Scr) and renal histology of IRI-AKI rats treated with BMSC after different pretreatments. Furthermore, we explored the effect of TSG-6 on renal tubular epithelial cells proliferation in vivo and in vitro assays.

Results:

The Scr levels of IRI-AKI rats treated with BMSC (73.5±7.8 μmol/L) significantly decreased compared to those of IRI-AKI rats treated without BMSC (392.5±24.8 μmol/L, P<0.05) or with DMEM (314.0±19.8 μmol/L, P<0.05). Meanwhile, the renal tissue injury in IRI-AKI rats treated with BMSC improved markedly. However, the Scr levels of IRI-AKI rats treated with TSG-6-silenced BMSC (265.1±21.2 μmol/L) significantly increased compared to those with BMSC (74.0±8.5 μmol/L, P<0.05). The proportion of Ki67-positive cells was reduced in IRI-AKI rats treated with TSG-6-silenced BMSC compared to that in IRI-AKI rats treated with BMSC (29.7±0.8% versus 43.4±3.0%, P<0.05). In vitro, the cell proliferation rate of TSG-6-stimulated NRK-52E cells under hypoxia (89.2±3.9%) increased significantly compared to that of NRK-52E cells alone under hypoxia (82.4±0.8%, P<0.05). Similarly, the proportion of Ki67-positive cells was significantly elevated in TSG-6-stimulated NRK-52E cells under hypoxia. Furthermore, TSG-6 could inhibit infiltration of neutrophils in kidney tissue of IRI-AKI.

Conclusions:

TSG-6 plays a key role in the treatment of IRI-AKI with BMSC, which may be due to its effect on promoting renal tubular epithelial cells proliferation by modulating inflammation.

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