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J Family Med Prim Care. 2019 Feb;8(2):640-647. doi: 10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_302_18.

Premenstrual syndrome in Anand District, Gujarat: A cross-sectional survey.

Author information

Department of Paediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad, Gujarat, India.
Department of Physiology, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad, Gujarat, India.
Central Research Services, Charutar Arogya Mandal, Karamsad, Gujarat, India.


Aim of Study:

We assessed the prevalence and severity of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) in adolescents and identified probable associations of PMS and premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) with age, locality, food habits, obesity, stress, genetic influence, menorrhagia and dysmenorrhoea.


Cross-sectional study in schools of Anand District in State of Gujarat, India. We conducted the study in 1702 girls in the age group of 8-23 years who had achieved menarche.

Main Outcome Measures:

Prevalence of PMS and PMDD using the self-administered Premenstrual Symptoms Screening Tool for Adolescents (PSST-A).


The prevalence of moderate to severe PMS was 19.3% and PMDD was 4.6%. Almost all (94.8%) girls had at least one PMS symptom with 65.7% having moderate to severe symptoms. We found dysmenorrhoea in 71.2% girls and menorrhagia in 15.2%. Physical symptoms were reported by 53.5%, disruption of daily activities by 41.7%, while 25.1% had to miss school/college. Majority (81.3%) felt that PMS was a normal part of menstruation and 53.0% reported moderate to severe stress. Multivariate logistic regression model revealed older age, dysmenorrhoea, menorrhagia, high levels of stress and PMS in mother to be significantly associated with PMS. In addition to these, lower age at menarche and junk food significantly contributed to PMDD.


Prevalence of moderate to severe PMS and PMDD in this population falls within the range reported elsewhere. PMS/PMDD affects the lives of many, significantly reducing their efficiency and worsening the quality of life.


Adolescents; Premenstrual symptoms screening tool for adolescents; premenstrual dysphoric disorder; premenstrual syndrome

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