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Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol. 2019 Dec;47(1):1496-1504. doi: 10.1080/21691401.2019.1602049.

A novel cross-linked haemoglobin-based oxygen carrier is beneficial to sepsis in rats.

Author information

1
a State Key Laboratory of Trauma, Burns and Combined Injury, Second Department of Research Institute of Surgery, Daping Hospital , Third Military Medical University (Army Medical University) , Chongqing , P.R. China.
2
b New B Innovation Limited , Kowloon Bay , Hong Kong.

Abstract

Pathological hypoxia-induced organ dysfunction contributes to the high mortality of sepsis. Because of the microcirculation dysfunction following severe sepsis, it is difficult for erythrocytes to transport oxygen to hypoxic tissues. Haemoglobin-based oxygen carriers (HBOCs) are capable of delivering oxygen to hypoxic tissues. The aim of this study is to observe the potential benefits of a novel bovine-derived, non-polymerized, cell-free HBOC solution, YQ23, on sepsis in rats. Cecum ligation and puncture was performed to induce sepsis in Sprague-Dawley rats. Effects of Lactate Ringer's solution (LR), YQ23, and whole blood on oxygen delivery and consumption, mitochondrial function, organ protection and animal survival were observed. LR failed to restore oxygen delivery and the therapeutic effects were limited, whereas low dosage of YQ23 and whole blood significantly increased the tissue oxygen delivery and consumption, improved the mitochondrial function of heart, liver, kidney and intestine, prevented the vital organs injuries and improved the animal survival. The effects of 0.15 g·kg-1 YQ23 resembled that of the whole blood. In addition, YQ23 did not induce renal toxicity, severe oxidative effect and acute vasoconstriction. Thus, YQ23 is a safe and effective resuscitation fluid for sepsis.

KEYWORDS:

Haemoglobin-based oxygen carrier (HBOC); fluid therapy; mitochondrial function; organ protection; oxygen delivery; sepsis

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