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Blood. 1987 Jan;69(1):219-23.

Cloning and characterization of platelet factor 4 cDNA derived from a human erythroleukemic cell line.


We report the isolation of a platelet factor 4 (PF4) cDNA clone from a lambda gt11 expression cDNA library which was derived from a human erythroleukemic (HEL) cell line. The sequence of the DNA insert includes the 3'-untranslated region, the entire amino acid coding region for the mature PF4 protein, and a 5' region containing coding information for an additional 18 amino acids. In addition, supplemental genomic DNA sequencing shows that the full-length leader sequence is 30 amino acids long plus an initial methionine and codes for a hydrophobic signal-like sequence which is probably involved in transmembrane transport. A single species mRNA of approximately 800 nucleotides was detected on blots of HEL cell poly(A) + RNA using a labeled PF4 cDNA probe. The human PF4 leader sequence shares some DNA, but no amino acid, homology with the 15 amino acids at the N-terminus of mature bovine PF4, suggesting rapid divergence in this region of PF4 between these two species. Sequence comparison of the coding regions of mature PF4 and gamma IP-10, a protein induced in a variety of cells following treatment with gamma-interferon, shows a corrected divergence of 76%. The divergence of a common ancestor protein into PF4 and gamma IP-10 may have accompanied the development of sophisticated immune and coagulation systems in vertebrates. The availability of cDNA and genomic DNA information for these genes in other species will be useful in studying the evolution of the coagulation and immune systems.

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