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J Nutr Educ Behav. 2019 Jun;51(6):763-774.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.jneb.2019.03.001. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Implementation Science and Nutrition Education and Behavior: Opportunities for Integration.

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Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR. Electronic address:
Department of Pharmacy Practice and Psychiatry, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR.
Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO.


Implementation science (IS) is the study of approaches designed to increase adoption and sustainability of research evidence into routine practice. This article provides an overview of IS and ideas for its integration with nutrition education and behavior practice and research. Implementation science application in nutrition education and behavior practice can inform real-word implementation efforts. Research opportunities include advancing common approaches to implementation measurement. In addition, the article provides suggestions for future studies (eg, comparative effectiveness trials comparing implementation strategies) to advance the knowledge base of both fields. An example from ongoing research is included to illustrate concepts and methods of IS.


implementation science; nutrition behavior; nutrition education; nutritional sciences


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