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Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2019 Apr 9;99(14):1101-1105. doi: 10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2019.14.013.

[Clinical experiences of laparoscopic radical cystectomy and urinary diversion in the elderly patients with bladder cancer].

[Article in Chinese; Abstract available in Chinese from the publisher]

Author information

1
Department of Urology, National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100021, China.
2
Department of Urology, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100020, China.

Abstract

in English, Chinese

Objective: To optimize the surgical procedures of laparoscopic radical cystectomy and urinary diversion for the elderly patients with bladder cancer, generalize operating technique, summarize clinical experiences. Methods: From July 2004 to October 2016, laparoscopic radical cystectomy (LRC) and urinary diversion was performed in 68 elderly patients (≥75 years old) diagnosed with bladder cancer in urology department of Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University, and the relevant clinical and follow-up data were retrospectively reviewed. All the patients were pathologically diagnosed and their perioperative data, postoperative pathological results, postoperative complications and follow-up outcomes were recorded and analyzed. Results: Among 68 elderly patients with bladder cancer, fifty patients were male and 18 were female, the age of whom were (79±4) (range 75 to 91) years old. The Charlson comorbidity index (CCI) score was 6±1 (range 5 to 7). All the 68 operations were successfully performed without conversion to open surgery. There were 26 cases receiving cutaneous ureterostomy, 34 cases receiving ileal conduit (intracorporeal for 16 cases and extracorporeal for 18 cases) and 8 cases receiving orthotopic ileal neobladder (intracorporeal for 4 cases and extracorporeal for 4 cases; Xing's technique for 4 cases, T-Pouch for 2 cases and Studer-Pouch for 2 cases) respectively, and the operation time of these three groups were (221±47) min, (315±70) min and (358±90) min respectively, the estimated blood loss were 100 (87, 200)ml, 300 (250, 500) ml and 250 (113, 725) ml respectively, the time of intake of liquid diet were 3 (2, 4) d, 6 (5, 7) d and 9 (5, 12) d respectively, and the postoperative hospital stay were (12±6) d, (24±11) d, and (27±11) d respectively. Postoperative pathological results showed urothelial carcinoma in 64 patients, squamous cell carcinoma in 2 patients and adenocarcinoma in 2 patients. Sixty patients received laparoscopic pelvic lymphadenectomy and the number of dissected lymph nodes was 17.1±7.0. There were 46 cases with T stage greater than or equal to T2 (46/68, 67.6%), 4 cases of low grade (4/68, 5.9%) and 60 cases of high grade (60/68, 88.2%). All the early postoperative (within 30 days after the operation) complications were grade Ⅰ-Ⅱ mainly manifested as fever, pain and infection that could get better with symptomatic treatment, and the incidence rate were 30.8% for cutaneous ureterostomy, 29.4% for ileal conduit and 37.5% for orthotopic ileal neobladder. The patients were followed up for a median period of 93.5 months without obvious hydronephrosis and impaired renal function. The 5-year cancer specific survival rate and overall survival rate were 57% and 50% respectively. There was significant difference between the preoperative and postoperative QOL (quality of life) score (56.0±10.0 and 47.4±5.8 respectively, P<0.05) which indicated that the patients' postoperative quality of life was greatly improved. Conclusions: Laparoscopic radical cystectomy and urinary diversion for the elderly patients with bladder cancer is safe and feasible, and owns great therapeutic value.

KEYWORDS:

Age; Cystectomy; Laparoscopes; Urinary bladder neoplasms; Urinary diversion

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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