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Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Res. 2019 Apr 11. pii: S0167-4889(19)30078-3. doi: 10.1016/j.bbamcr.2019.04.007. [Epub ahead of print]

Tumor protein D52 (isoform 3) interacts with and promotes peroxidase activity of Peroxiredoxin 1 in prostate cancer cells implicated in cell growth and migration.

Author information

1
Department of Applied Biology, CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (CSIR-IICT), Hyderabad, India; Academy of Scientific & Innovative Research (AcSIR), CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (CSIR-IICT), Hyderabad, India.
2
Department of Applied Biology, CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (CSIR-IICT), Hyderabad, India.
3
Department of Applied Biology, CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (CSIR-IICT), Hyderabad, India; Academy of Scientific & Innovative Research (AcSIR), CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (CSIR-IICT), Hyderabad, India. Electronic address: ummanni@iict.res.in.

Abstract

Tumor protein D52 (TPD52) is overexpressed in multiple cancers including prostate cancer due to gene amplification and investigations to understand its role in the pathophysiology of different cancers are continuing. GST pull-down assays and Tandem affinity purification of TPD52 as bait identified novel prey Peroxiredoxin 1 (PRDX1) in prostate cancer (PCa) cells. PRDX1 interaction with TPD52 was confirmed in immunoprecipitation and affinity interaction assays. Mapping of interaction domain indicated that PRDX1 interacts with C-terminal region of TPD52 containing PEST domain between 152 and 179 amino acids, a new binding region of TPD52. Here we show that TPD52 interaction with PRDX1 increased its peroxidase activity and ectopic expression of TPD52 induced dimerization of PRDX1 in PCa cells. Moreover, H2O2 exposure evoked the interaction between TPD52 and PRDX1 while depletion of both proteins led to the accumulation of H2O2 suggesting peroxidase activity is important to maintain oxidative capacity in PCa cells. We also observed that overexpression or downregulation of TPD52 and PRDX1 individually or together affecting PCa cells growth, survival, and migration. Altogether, our results show a novel interaction partner of TPD52 providing new insights of its functions and ascertain the role of TPD52-PRDX1 interaction in PCa progression.

KEYWORDS:

Peroxiredoxin 1 (PRDX1); Prostate cancer; Protein-protein interactions; Proto-oncogene; Tumor protein D52 (TPD52)

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