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Public Health Rep. 1986 Nov-Dec;101(6):607-15.

Prenatal participation in WIC related to Medicaid costs for Missouri newborns: 1982 update.

Abstract

This study replicates a 1980 evaluation of WIC prenatal participation in Missouri by using a file of 9,086 Missouri Medicaid records matched with the corresponding birth records. This file was divided into a WIC group containing 3,261 records and a non-WIC group of 5,825 records. The 1982 results generally confirm the 1980 results, with the 1982 findings showing slightly improved pregnancy outcomes for WIC participants and slightly reduced benefit-to-cost ratios compared with the 1980 findings. In 1982, WIC participation was found to be associated with an increase in mean birth weight of 31 grams and reductions in low birth weight rates (statistically significant) and in neonatal death rates (not statistically significant). The reduction in each rate was 23 percent. WIC participation was also associated with a reduction in Medicaid costs for newborns reported within 45 days of birth amounting to $76 per participant. For every dollar spent on WIC, about 49 cents in Medicaid costs were apparently saved. However, wide 95 percent confidence intervals ($.07, $.90) make it difficult to determine precisely what impact WIC has on Federal and State budget outlays.

PMID:
3097741
PMCID:
PMC1477679
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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