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Mol Biol Rep. 2019 Jun;46(3):3101-3112. doi: 10.1007/s11033-019-04765-z. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Protective properties of the cultured stem cell proteome studied in an animal model of acetaminophen-induced acute liver failure.

Author information

1
Institute of Cell Biophysics RAS, Pushchino, Russia.
2
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (State University), Dolgoprudny, Russia.
3
Research Institute of Human Morphology, Moscow, Russia.
4
GBUZ "Sklifosovsky Research Institute for Emergency Medicine DZ, Moscow, Russia.
5
Max F.Perutz Laboratoriers, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
6
Institute of Science and Technology (IST Austria), Klosterneuburg, Austria. alexej.charnagalov@ist.ac.at.

Abstract

Chronic overuse of common pharmaceuticals, e.g. acetaminophen (paracetamol), often leads to the development of acute liver failure (ALF). This study aimed to elucidate the effect of cultured mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) proteome on the onset of liver damage and regeneration dynamics in animals with ALF induced by acetaminophen, to test the liver protective efficacy of MSCs proteome depending on the oxygen tension in cell culture, and to blueprint protein components responsible for the effect. Protein compositions prepared from MSCs cultured in mild hypoxic (5% and 10% O2) and normal (21% O2) conditions were used to treat ALF induced in mice by injection of acetaminophen. To test the effect of reduced oxygen tension in cell culture on resulting MSCs proteome content we applied a combination of high performance liquid chromatography and mass-spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) for the identification of proteins in lysates of MSCs cultured at different O2 levels. The treatment of acetaminophen-administered animals with proteins released from cultured MSCs resulted in the inhibition of inflammatory reactions in damaged liver; the area of hepatocyte necrosis being reduced in the first 24 h. Compositions obtained from MSCs cultured at lower O2 level were shown to be more potent than a composition prepared from normoxic cells. A comparative characterization of protein pattern and identification of individual components done by a cytokine assay and proteomics analysis of protein compositions revealed that even moderate hypoxia produces discrete changes in the expression of various subsets of proteins responsible for intracellular respiration and cell signaling. The application of proteins prepared from MSCs grown in vitro at reduced oxygen tension significantly accelerates healing process in damaged liver tissue. The proteomics data obtained for different preparations offer new information about the potential candidates in the MSCs protein repertoire sensitive to oxygen tension in culture medium, which can be involved in the generalized mechanisms the cells use to respond to acute liver failure.

KEYWORDS:

Acetaminophen; Acute liver failure; Conditioned medium; Hypoxia; Proteome; Stem cells

PMID:
30977085
DOI:
10.1007/s11033-019-04765-z

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