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Open Forum Infect Dis. 2019 Mar 7;6(4):ofz105. doi: 10.1093/ofid/ofz105. eCollection 2019 Apr.

Pneumocystosis as a Complication of H1N1 Influenza A Infection in an HIV-Positive Patient on Effective cART.

Author information

1
Infectious Diseases Unit, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy.
2
Infectious Diseases Unit, University of Naples Federico II, Napoli, Italy.
3
Microbiology and Virology Unit, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy.

Abstract

H1N1 influenza A virus can affect the immune system, causing lymphopenia. This might be of great concern for HIV individuals undergoing effective antireroviral therapy (cART). We report the first confirmed case of H1N1-induced AIDS and Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia in an HIV-positive woman on effective cART since 2006.

KEYWORDS:

AIDS; H1N1; HIV; PJP

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