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Sci Rep. 2019 Apr 11;9(1):5944. doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-42451-z.

Extent of Resection in Meningioma: Predictive Factors and Clinical Implications.

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Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Division of Neurosurgery, Geneva University Hospitals, Genève, Switzerland.
Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Division of Neurosurgery, Geneva University Hospitals, Genève, Switzerland.
Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
Section of Neuropathology, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Faculty of Medicine, University of Geneva, Genève, Switzerland.
Department of Neurosurgery, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.


Meningiomas present as intracranial extra-axial lesions with dural attachment, which are primarily managed surgically. The extent of resection (EOR) may vary depending on patient- and tumor-related factors. The aim of this study is to identify preoperative predictive factors of EOR and to propose an estimation of the predicted gross total resection (GTR) based of patient- and tumor-characteristics. 1469 patients from a retrospectively (1990 to 2002) and prospectively managed (2003 to 2010) databank of Oslo University Hospital, Norway, totalling 11,414 patient-years of follow-up were included. Patients had a mean age at surgery of 64 ± 20.1 years with a female-to-male ratio was 2.4:1 and a mean KPS of 81.2 ± 12.1. Skull-base meningiomas represented 47% of all cases. WHO grades were I in 92.3%, II in 5.2%, and III in 2.2%. Bone infiltration was described in 18.7% of cases. 39.3% of patients had Simpson I resection, 34.3% had Simpson II, 5.4% had Simpson III, 20.6% had Simpson IV, and 0.5% had Simpson V. The risk factors for incomplete resection were: symptomatic presentation (OR 0.56 [0.43-0.72]), skull-base location (OR 0.79 [0.70-0.88]), and bone invasion (OR 0.85 [0.73-0.99]). Using a recursive partitioning analysis, we propose a classification-tree for the prediction of GTR rate based on preoperatively determinable patient- and tumor characteristics. The identification of preoperative predictors of poor GTR rate may aid clinicians managing meningioma patients. In selected cases were the predicted GTR rate is low, staged treatment with surgical debulking followed by adjuvant therapy may be favored in order to minimize postoperative morbidity and mortality.

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