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Ital J Pediatr. 2019 Apr 11;45(1):47. doi: 10.1186/s13052-019-0638-6.

Influenza vaccination: opinions of health care professionals working in pediatric emergency departments.

Author information

1
Società Italiana di Medicina Emergenza Urgenza Pediatrica, Via Nevio 60, 80122, Napoli, Italy. lucianopinto@virgilio.it.
2
Policlinico-Vittorio Emanuele Università di Catania, UOC di Pediatria e Neonatologia, Catania, Italy.
3
Ospedale Pediatrico Bambino Gesù, UOC di Pediatria Generale e Malattie Infettive, Roma, Italy.
4
Università degli Studi di Palermo, Clinica Pediatrica Palermo, Palermo, Italy.
5
Università degli Studi della Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli", Caserta, Italy.
6
Università degli Studi di Roma "La Sapienza" UOC di Pediatria e Neonatologia, Polo di Latina, Roma, Italy.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Vaccine coverage of health care professionals against influenza is still low in Italy, as well as in other European countries.

METHODS:

Between March and May 2018, this study was performed to collect the opinions of Pediatric health care professionals, working in emergency departments, regarding the efficacy and safety of the influenza vaccine. An anonymous online survey was employed to evaluate socio-demographic and professional characteristics, knowledges, beliefs and attitudes.

RESULTS:

Five hundred four health care professionals completed the survey: 331 physicians, 140 nurses and 33 other health are professionals. During the 2017-18 season, 55.8% of physicians, 19.3% of nurses and 12.1% of other health care professionals had vaccinated against the influenza virus. Not vaccinated physicians and nurses with less than 40 years of age were fewer than not vaccinated physicians and nurses with more than 40 years of age. Nurses and other health care professionals were less trustworthy of the influenza vaccination, less aware of the possibility of contracting and transmitting influenza and other vaccine-preventable diseases.

CONCLUSIONS:

Insufficient adherence to the influenza vaccination in physicians, nurses and other health care professionals is a concern for those assisting high-risk patients, especially in emergency departments. Therefore, it is vital to promote education of health care professionals and students regarding vaccinations. High vaccine coverage should be embedded in the safe hospital paradigm and should become a goal for the hospital's directors.

KEYWORDS:

Health care professionals; Influenza vaccination; Italy; Vaccine coverage

PMID:
30975224
DOI:
10.1186/s13052-019-0638-6
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