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J Cardiothorac Surg. 2019 Apr 11;14(1):76. doi: 10.1186/s13019-019-0890-2.

Minimally invasive and conventional surgical treatment of primary benign cardiac tumors.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, 1665 Kongjiang Road, Shanghai, 200092, China.
2
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, 1665 Kongjiang Road, Shanghai, 200092, China. zhujiaquan@xinhuamed.com.cn.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Primary cardiac tumors are rare and the majorities are benign. Conventional surgical treatment uses median sternotomy, while minimally invasive surgery from right anterolateral minithoracotomy has become an alternative method in recent years. In this study, we summarized the surgical outcomes of both approaches.

METHODS:

From January 2008 to August 2018, 50 patients with primary benign cardiac tumors underwent either conventional or minimally invasive surgery in our department. The baseline data were collected. The peri-operative data and follow up results were compared between the two groups.

RESULTS:

There were19 men and 31 women enrolled in this study with a mean age of 55.0 ± 17.5 years. The most common site of the tumor was left atrium (n = 40, 80%), followed by right atrium (n = 8, 16.0%), right ventricle (n = 1, 2.0%) and left ventricle (n = 1, 2.0%). All patients underwent surgery uneventfully, including 33 cases (66.0%) of median sternotomy and 17 cases (34.0%) of right anterolateral minithoracotomy. No significant differences were found between the two groups in terms of cardiopulmonary bypass time, aortic cross-clamp time, postoperative intubation time, intensive care unit days and length of the hospital stay. Patients with right anterolateral minithoracotomy had less post-operative chest drainage (536 ± 159 vs 773 ± 255 ml, P < 0.01) and transfusion rate (5.9% vs 33.3%, P = 0.033) than those who had sternotomy. There was no peri-operative death, and all the patients were alive and free of recurrence at the latest follow-up.

CONCLUSIONS:

Surgical resection of primary benign cardiac tumors is safe, effective and durable. The right anterolateral minithoracotomy provides the same postoperative recovery as standard median sternotomy, but less transfusion. It can be considered as a promising alternative approach.

KEYWORDS:

Minimally invasive surgery; Myxoma; Primary cardiac tumors

PMID:
30971259
PMCID:
PMC6458600
DOI:
10.1186/s13019-019-0890-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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