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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2019 Apr 23;116(17):8326-8335. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1901176116. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Myosin Va transport of liposomes in three-dimensional actin networks is modulated by actin filament density, position, and polarity.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405.
2
Instrumentation and Model Facility, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405.
3
Department of Mathematics, University of California, Davis, CA 95616.
4
Department of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405; David.Warshaw@med.uvm.edu.

Abstract

The cell's dense 3D actin filament network presents numerous challenges to vesicular transport by teams of myosin Va (MyoVa) molecular motors. These teams must navigate their cargo through diverse actin structures ranging from Arp2/3-branched lamellipodial networks to the dense, unbranched cortical networks. To define how actin filament network organization affects MyoVa cargo transport, we created two different 3D actin networks in vitro. One network was comprised of randomly oriented, unbranched actin filaments; the other was comprised of Arp2/3-branched actin filaments, which effectively polarized the network by aligning the actin filament plus-ends. Within both networks, we defined each actin filament's 3D spatial position using superresolution stochastic optical reconstruction microscopy (STORM) and its polarity by observing the movement of single fluorescent reporter MyoVa. We then characterized the 3D trajectories of fluorescent, 350-nm fluid-like liposomes transported by MyoVa teams (∼10 motors) moving within each of the two networks. Compared with the unbranched network, we observed more liposomes with directed and fewer with stationary motion on the Arp2/3-branched network. This suggests that the modes of liposome transport by MyoVa motors are influenced by changes in the local actin filament polarity alignment within the network. This mechanism was supported by an in silico 3D model that provides a broader platform to understand how cellular regulation of the actin cytoskeletal architecture may fine tune MyoVa-based intracellular cargo transport.

KEYWORDS:

actin; intracellular transport; myosin; polarity; single molecule

PMID:
30967504
PMCID:
PMC6486769
[Available on 2019-10-09]
DOI:
10.1073/pnas.1901176116

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