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Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2019 Mar 4;374(1767):20180322. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2018.0322.

Genome editing for plant disease resistance: applications and perspectives.

Author information

1
State Key Laboratory of Plant Genomics, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences , Beijing 100101 , People's Republic of China.

Abstract

Diseases severely affect crop yield and quality, thereby threatening global food security. Genetic improvement of plant disease resistance is essential for sustainable agriculture. Genome editing has been revolutionizing plant biology and biotechnology by enabling precise, targeted genome modifications. Editing provides new methods for genetic improvement of plant disease resistance and accelerates resistance breeding. Here, we first summarize the challenges for breeding resistant crops. Next, we focus on applications of genome editing technology in generating plants with resistance to bacterial, fungal and viral diseases. Finally, we discuss the potential of genome editing for breeding crops that present novel disease resistance in the future. This article is part of the theme issue 'Biotic signalling sheds light on smart pest management'.

KEYWORDS:

breeding; crop; disease resistance; genome editing; susceptibility genes

PMID:
30967029
PMCID:
PMC6367152
[Available on 2020-03-04]
DOI:
10.1098/rstb.2018.0322

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