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J Cancer Res Ther. 2019;15(2):341-343. doi: 10.4103/jcrt.JCRT_58_18.

Transauricular arterial access for hepatic artery embolization in rabbit VX2 liver tumor.

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Department of Interventional Radiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu, China.
Department of General Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu, China.



The purpose of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of percutaneous transauricular artery access for hepatic artery catheterization using a peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) device and hepatic artery catheterization through auricular approach.


Ten New Zealand White rabbits were used to establish a VX2 liver tumor model. Hepatic artery angiography and embolization were performed 3 weeks after inoculation. The rabbits were restrained in supine position under anesthesia. Intra-arterial access was accomplished with percutaneous Seldinger technique through the auricular artery using a PICC device. The hepatic artery catheterization was performed with a microcatheter and guide wire. The rate of technical success and procedure time was investigated.


Two rabbits failed initial percutaneous transauricular arterial access, with success in a contralateral attempt. Thus, percutaneous transauricular arterial access was achieved in 10 of 12 auricular arteries, with a technical success rate of 83.3%. The time needed to obtain intra-auricular access was 7.2 ± 3.1 min. Hepatic artery catheterization, angiography, and embolization were accomplished through the auricular approach in all 10 rabbits.


Arterial access in rabbits can be achieved through the auricular artery. Hepatic artery catheterization, angiography, and embolization can be performed through auricular arterial access.


Hepatic artery catheterization embolization; rabbit VX2 liver tumor model; transauricular artery access

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