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Biochemistry. 1986 Sep 23;25(19):5633-8.

X-ray diffraction analysis of the inactivation of chymotrypsin by 3-benzyl-6-chloro-2-pyrone.


The inactivation of chymotrypsin by 3-benzyl-6-chloro-2-pyrone has been studied. A covalent adduct is formed that deacylates slowly with a half-life of 23 h. X-ray diffraction analysis at 1.9-A resolution of the inactivator-enzyme complex shows that the gamma-oxygen of the active-site serine (serine-195) is covalently attached to C-1 of (Z)-2-benzylpentenedioic acid, the benzyl group of the inactivator is held in the hydrophobic specificity pocket of the enzyme, and the free carboxylate forms a salt bridge with the active-site histidine (histidine-57). The conformational changes that occur in the protein as a result of complexation are described. It is proposed that formation of the salt bridge prevents access of water and, therefore, hydrolysis of the acyl-enzyme.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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