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Clin Oral Implants Res. 2019 May;30(5):447-456. doi: 10.1111/clr.13430. Epub 2019 May 3.

Re-osseointegration following reconstructive surgical therapy of experimental peri-implantitis. A pre-clinical in vivo study.

Author information

1
Department of Periodontology, Institute of Odontology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
2
Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Radiology, Institute of Odontology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the effect of bone substitute materials on hard and soft tissue healing in reconstructive surgical therapy of experimental peri-implantitis at implants with different surface characteristics.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

Six female, Labrador dogs were used. 3 months after tooth extraction, four implants with two different surface characteristics (A and B) were installed on each side of the mandible. Experimental peri-implantitis was induced 3 months later. During surgical treatment of peri-implantitis, the implants were cleaned with curettes and cotton pellets soaked in saline. The implant sites were allocated to one of four treatment categories; (a) Group C; no augmentation, (b) Group T1; bone defect filled with deproteinized bovine bone mineral (c) Group T2; bone defect filled with a biphasic bone graft material, (d) Group T3; bone defect filled as T1 and covered with a collagen membrane. Clinical and radiological examinations were performed, and biopsies were obtained and prepared for histological analysis 6 months after peri-implantitis surgery.

RESULTS:

Implant B (smooth surface) sites showed significantly (a) larger radiographic bone level gain, (b) enhanced resolution of peri-implantitis lesions, and (c) larger frequency of re-osseointegration than implant A (moderately rough surface) sites. Implant B sites also showed superior preservation of the mucosal margin. Differences between bone substitute materials and control procedures were overall small with limited advantages for T1 and T2 sites.

CONCLUSION:

Healing following reconstructive surgical treatment of experimental peri-implantitis was superior around implants with a smooth surface than implants with a moderately rough surface. Benefits of using bone substitute materials during surgical therapy were overall small.

KEYWORDS:

bone level; bone regeneration; bone substitute material; histology; implant surface; radiograph

PMID:
30963619
DOI:
10.1111/clr.13430
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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