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Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 2019 Jul;49(4):763-779. doi: 10.1016/j.cvsm.2019.02.013. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Canine Brucellosis: Old Foe and Reemerging Scourge.

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Prairie View Animal Hospital, Grimes, IA 50111, USA.
Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, University of Iowa, 145 North Riverside Drive, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA; Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, University of Iowa Research Park, Coralville, IA 52241, USA. Electronic address:


The genus Brucella is a primary cause of reproductive diseases. Widely known as a problem in livestock, Brucella is gaining notoriety as a cause of canine reproductive disease and as a scourge to dog breeders. Only within the last few decades has the risk of severe brucellosis in dogs, and the people who own and work with them, been more fully appreciated. This review summarizes the epidemiology, clinical signs, and advances in diagnosis and management of Brucella canis. Canine brucellosis prevention, owner education, and possible therapies for the future are also discussed.


Abortion; Brucella; Control; Prevention; Reproduction; Zoonosis


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