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Am J Cardiol. 2019 Jun 1;123(11):1822-1827. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2019.02.057. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Comparison of QT Interval Measurement Methods and Correction Formulas in Atrial Fibrillation.

Author information

1
Stanford University, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Stanford, California.
2
Cardiac Insight, Inc, Kirkland, Washington.
3
Stanford University, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Stanford, California; Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, California.
4
Stanford University, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Stanford, California. Electronic address: mvperez@stanford.edu.

Abstract

Antiarrhythmic drugs used in atrial fibrillation (AF) cause QT prolongation and are associated with torsades de pointes, a deadly ventricular arrhythmia. No consensus exists on the optimal method of QT measurement or correction in AF. Therefore, we compared common methods to measure and correct QT in AF to identify the most accurate approach. We identified patients who had electrocardiograms done at Stanford Hospital (Stanford, California) between January 2014 and October 2016 with conversion from AF to sinus rhythm (SR) within a 24-hour period. QT intervals were determined using different measurement methods and corrected using the Bazett's, Framingham, Fridericia, or Hodges formulas for heart rate (HR). Comparisons were made between QT in a patient's last instance of AF to SR. Computerized measurements were taken from 715 patients. Manual measurements were taken from a 50-patient subset. Bazett's formula produced the longest corrected QT in AF compared with other formulas (p <0.005). Measuring QT as an average over multiple beats resulted in a smaller difference between AF and SR than choosing a single beat. Determining QT from a 5-beat average resulted in a QTc that was 19.0 ms higher (interquartile range 0.30 to 43.7) in AF than SR. After correcting for residual effect of HR on QTc, there was not a significant difference between QTc in AF to SR. In conclusion, measuring QT over multiple beats produces a more accurate measurement of QT in AF. Differences between QTc in AF and SR exist because of imperfect HR correction formula and not due to an independent effect of AF.

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