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Polymers (Basel). 2019 Feb 5;11(2). pii: E270. doi: 10.3390/polym11020270.

Noncovalent Complexation of Amphotericin B with Poly(β-Amino Ester) Derivates for Treatment of C. Neoformans Infection.

Author information

1
College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China. yuyang201507@swu.edu.cn.
2
College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China. pengli201607@163.com.
3
College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China. gjliao@swu.edu.cn.
4
College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China. xiczb86@126.com.
5
College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China. chongli2009@gmail.com.

Abstract

Our goal was to improve treatment outcomes for C. neoformans infection by designing nanocarriers that enhance drug-encapsulating capacity and stability. Thus, a noncovalent complex of methoxy poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(lactide)-poly(β-amino ester) (MPEG-PLA-PAE) and amphotericin B (AMB) was developed and characterized. The MPEG-PLA-PAE copolymer was synthesized by a Michael-type addition reaction; the copolymer was then used to prepare the AMB-loaded nanocomplex. AMB was in a highly aggregated state within complex cores. A high encapsulation efficiency (>90%) and stability of the AMB-loaded nanocomplex were obtained via electrostatic interaction between AMB and PAE blocks. This nanocomplex retained drug activity against C. neoformans in vitro. Compared with micellar AMB, the AMB nanocomplex was more efficient in terms of reducing C. neoformans burden in lungs, liver, and spleen, based on its improved biodistribution. The AMB/MPEG-PLA-PAE complex with enhanced drug-loading capacity and stability can serve as a platform for effective treatment of C. neoformans infection.

KEYWORDS:

C. neoformans infections; MPEG-PLA-PAE; amphotericin B; drug delivery; enhanced stability; polymer complex

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