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J Microbiol Biotechnol. 2019 May 28;29(5):687-695. doi: 10.4014/jmb.1809.09031.

Anti-Inflammatory Activity of Antimicrobial Peptide Allomyrinasin Derived from the Dynastid Beetle, Allomyrina dichotoma.

Author information

1
Department of Agricultural Biology, National Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Rural Development Administration, Wanju 55365, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

In a previous work, we performed de novo RNA sequencing of Allomyrina dichotoma using next generation sequencing and identified several antimicrobial peptide candidates based on transcriptome analysis. Among them, a cationic antimicrobial peptide, allomyrinasin, was selected bioinformatically based on its physicochemical properties. Here, we assessed the antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory activities of allomyrinasin against microorganisms and mouse macrophage Raw264.7 cells. Allomyrinasin showed antimicrobial activities against various microbes and decreased the nitric oxide production of the lipopolysaccharide-induced Raw264.7 cells. Furthermore, quantitative RT-PCR and ELISA revealed that allomyrinasin reduced cytokine expression levels in the Raw264.7 cells. We also identified inducible nitric oxide synthase, cyclooxygenase-2 expression, and PGE2 production through western blot analysis and ELISA. We confirmed that allomyrinasin bound to bacterial cell membranes via a specific interaction with lipopolysaccharides. Taken together, these data indicate that allomyrinasin has antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory activities as exemplified in lipopolysaccharide-induced Raw264.7 cells. We have provided a potentially useful antimicrobial peptide candidate that has both antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory activities.

KEYWORDS:

Allomyrina dichotoma; Antimicrobial peptide; anti-inflammatory activity; inflammation; lipopolysaccharide

PMID:
30955257
DOI:
10.4014/jmb.1809.09031
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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