Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Mikrochim Acta. 2019 Apr 5;186(5):268. doi: 10.1007/s00604-019-3373-1.

Piezoelectric arsenite aptasensor based on the use of a self-assembled mercaptoethylamine monolayer and gold nanoparticles.

Author information

1
Institute of Food Quality and Safety, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, Shanghai, 200093, People's Republic of China.
2
Institute of Food Quality and Safety, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, Shanghai, 200093, People's Republic of China. xufei8135@126.com.

Abstract

The authors describe a piezoelectric aptasensor for arsenite. A self assembeled monolayer (SAM) of mercaptoethylamine was prepared to immobilize arsenite on the surface of a quartz crystal microbalance. Gold nanoparticles were modified with arsenite aptamer to amplify the response frequency of the biosensor. Arsenite first binds to the SAM on the gold surface of the QCM. On addition of gold nanoparticles with aptamer (DNA-AuNp), the SAM-As(III)-aptamer sandwich is formed. This increases the resonance frequency of the sensor and allows trace concentration of arsenite to be determined. The aptasensor can detect arsenite in the 8 to 1000 nmol·L-1 concentration range with a 4.4 nmol·L-1 lower detection limit (at S/N = 3). The sandwich structure improves the specificity of the aptasensor without considering the conformational transition of the aptamer. The strategy described here conceivably has a large potential as it shows that small molecules can be sensed by using aptamers with unknown working mechanism. Graphical abstract Schematic presentation of a piezoelectric biosensor for arsenite detection by using a mercaptoethylamine monolayer and gold nanoparticles with respect to Arsenite first binds to the SAM on the gold surface of the QCM. Next, gold nanoparticles with aptamer (DNA-AuNp) are added to form a SAM-As(III)-aptamer sandwich which affects the resonance frequency.

KEYWORDS:

Arsenite detection; Piezoelectric sensor; Quartz crystal microbalance biosensor; Sandwich structure; Self-assembly; Signal amplification

PMID:
30953172
DOI:
10.1007/s00604-019-3373-1

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center