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Dev Biol. 1986 Nov;118(1):190-201.

A Drosophila melanogaster mutant resistant to a chemical analog of juvenile hormone.


Methoprene, a chemical analog of juvenile hormone, is toxic when applied to late third-instar larvae of Drosophila melanogaster. Using an ethyl methane sulfonate mutagenesis screen, we have selected two noncomplementing mutants, one of which is nearly 100 times more resistant than wild-type to either methoprene or juvenile hormone III topically applied or incorporated into the diet. The mutation, named methoprene-tolerant (Met), also confers resistance to methoprene-induced pseudotumor formation in larvae as well as to juvenile hormone III- or methoprene-induced vitellogenic oocyte development in adult females. Met adults show little or no cross-resistance to four other insecticides. The mutation was mapped by recombination to a location 35.4 on the X-chromosome and uncovered by chromosomes deficient for the region 10C2-10D4. Complementation was observed between Met and a lethal allele of the RNA polymerase II locus, which is also found in this region. Since the Met mutation also confers resistance to methoprene-induced abnormalities in adult cuticle formation, the autonomy of Met expression could be evaluated in flies mosiac for this mutation. Autonomous expression of Met was found both in abdominal cuticle as well as in external male genitalia. The characteristics of Met are consistent with those expected of a mutant having altered juvenile hormone reception in target tissue.

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