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PLoS One. 2019 Apr 5;14(4):e0215088. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0215088. eCollection 2019.

Alteration of microRNA-4474/4717 expression and CREB-binding protein in human colorectal cancer tissues infected with Fusobacterium nucleatum.

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Institute of Modern Biopharmaceuticals, State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Eco-Environment and Bio-Resource of the Three Gorges Area, Key Laboratory of Eco-environments in Three Gorges Reservoir Region, Ministry of Education, School of Life Sciences, Southwest University, Chongqing, China.
Department of Clinical Microbiology and Immunology, Southwest Hospital & College of Pharmacy and Medical Laboratory Science, Army Medical University (Third Military Medical University), Chongqing, China.
Digestive Disease Center, Third Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China.
Department of Hospital Infection Control, Southwest Hospital, Army Medical University (Third Military Medical University), Chongqing, China.


Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a common and highly lethal form of cancer. Although the etiologic role of Fusobacterium nucleatum (F. nucleatum) in the development of CRC has been elucidated, the specific tumor molecules involved in the progression of CRC induced by F. nucleatum have not been identified. This study investigated several miRNAs and genes involved in the progression of F. nucleatum-induced CRC by Affymetrix miRNA microarray technology and GeneChip Human Transcriptome Array 2.0. The results suggest that miR-4474 and miR-4717 are up-regulated in CRC tissues in response to F. nucleatum infection, compared with the control group (paracancerous tissues), while other genes associated with signaling pathways in cancer, including CREB-binding protein (CREBBP), STAT1, PRKACB, CAMK2B, JUN, TP53 and EWSR1, were dysregulated. Bioinformatic analysis identified CREBBP as the primary aberrantly expressed gene in F. nucleatum-induced CRC. Consistent with the microarray analysis results, real-time RT-PCR analysis demonstrated that the expression of miR-4474/4717 was upregulated while that of CREBBP mRNA was downregulated in CRC patients infected with F. nucleatum. Additionally, CREBBP was identified as a novel target of miR-4474/4717. The results of this study suggest that miR-4474 and miR-4717 are involved in the progression of F. nucleatum-induced CRC by posttranscriptionally regulating the target gene CREBBP.

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