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Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2019 Apr;20(4):e191-e198. doi: 10.1097/PCC.0000000000001871.

Influence of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Coaching and Provider Role on Perception of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Quality During Simulated Pediatric Cardiac Arrest.

Author information

Departments of Pediatrics and Emergency Medicine, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, KidSIM-ASPIRE Research Program, Alberta Children's Hospital, Calgary, AB, Canada.
Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY.
KidSIM-ASPIRE Simulation Research Program, Alberta Children's Hospital, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada.
Children's of Alabama, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL.
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD.
Stollery Children's Hospital, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada.



We aimed to describe the impact of a cardiopulmonary resuscitation coach on healthcare provider perception of cardiopulmonary resuscitation quality during simulated pediatric cardiac arrest.


Prospective, observational study.


We conducted secondary analysis of data collected from a multicenter, randomized trial of providers who participated in a simulated pediatric cardiac arrest.


Two-hundred pediatric acute care providers.


Participants were randomized to having a cardiopulmonary resuscitation coach versus no cardiopulmonary resuscitation coach. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation coaches provided feedback on cardiopulmonary resuscitation performance and helped to coordinate key tasks. All teams used cardiopulmonary resuscitation feedback technology.


Cardiopulmonary resuscitation quality was collected by the defibrillator, and perceived cardiopulmonary resuscitation quality was collected by surveying participants after the scenario. We calculated the difference between perceived and measured quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation and defined accurate perception as no more than 10% deviation from measured quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Teams with a cardiopulmonary resuscitation coach were more likely to accurately estimate chest compressions depth in comparison to teams without a cardiopulmonary resuscitation coach (odds ratio, 2.97; 95% CI, 1.61-5.46; p < 0.001). There was no significant difference detected in accurate perception of chest compressions rate between groups (odds ratio, 1.33; 95% CI, 0.77-2.32; p = 0.32). Among teams with a cardiopulmonary resuscitation coach, the cardiopulmonary resuscitation coach had the best chest compressions depth perception (80%) compared with the rest of the team (team leader 40%, airway 55%, cardiopulmonary resuscitation provider 30%) (p = 0.003). No differences were found in perception of chest compressions rate between roles (p = 0.86).


Healthcare providers improved their perception of cardiopulmonary resuscitation depth with a cardiopulmonary resuscitation coach present. The cardiopulmonary resuscitation coach had the best perception of chest compressions depth.

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