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Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi. 2019 Apr 10;36(4):297-300. doi: 10.3760/cma.j.issn.1003-9406.2019.04.002.

[Variant analysis for patients from Fujian area with Hong Kong αα type thalassemia].

[Article in Chinese]

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Fujian Provincial Maternity and Children's Hospital, Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory for Prenatal Diagnosis and Birth Defect Research, Fuzhou, Fujian 350001, China. Email:



To determine the frequency of Hong Kong αα (HK αα) gene in α3.7 positive samples among carriers from Fujian area.


Routine genetic testing for thalassemia was carried out for 10145 patients with positive screening results. Single PCR and two-round nested PCR were utilized to detect HK αα among 507 patients with α3.7/αα and 2 patients for whom electrophoresis showed α3.7, -αSEA and normal α2 alleles. Reverse dot blot test was used for detecting non-deletional α-thalassemia and β-thalassemia variants.


Among the 507 patients with α3.7/αα, HK αα was identified in 35 cases, which included 25 HK αα/αα, 5 HK αα/α3.7, 4 HK αα/αα with heterozygous CD41/42 (HBB: c.126_129delCTTT) variant, 1 HK αα/αα with IVS-II-654 (HBB: c.316_197C>T) heterozygous variant. One patient was confirmed to have α3.7/anti4.2 genotype. The two cases with α3.7, -αSEA and normal α2 alleles were confirmed to be HK αα/--SEA. The frequency of HK αα genotype in Fujian area was therefore 7.27% among patients with α3.7 and 0.36% in the general population.


A certain proportion of HK αα has been detected in Fujian area, which will enable more accurate diagnosis and genetic counseling.

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